Marburg virus is a severe illness of humans and non primates and clinical symptoms are indistinguishable from the ebola virus disease.
Signs and symptoms.
Shock and death.
Marburg virus can be spread from animals to humans, as well as from person to person and through contaminated objects.
People are generally affected by Marburg virus after being exposed to one of the there things:
1. Bat colonies.
Before virus can pass from person to person, it first has to jump from animal to human, typically through animal fruit bats. Humans and other primates can become infected after spending a lot of time in caves, or mines inhabited by bat colonies found throughout Africa.
2. Body fluids.
Like ebola, Marburg virus moves from person to person through direct contact with body fluids like salvia, urine, vomit, feces and possibly breast milk. The infected fluids gets into the body through breaks in the skin like cuts or scrapes or through mucosal membranes like the mouth, nose or eyes.
3. Contaminated objects.
It can also be passed indirectly from person to person to contaminated objects or material containing infected body fluids. These can include medical equipment like needle all cell cultures e.t.c.
No cure currently exists for the virus. As a result healthcare providers treat the disease by managing the symptoms and do what they can do to prevent more complications or death. These measures include:
1. Managing pain.
2. Replenishing fluids and electrolytes to prevent dehydration.
3. Stabilizing oxygen levels and blood pressure.
4. Replacing blood or clotting factors in the case of hemorrhaging.
5. Treating any secondary infections or complications.
1. Use barrier nursing techniques.
2. Avoid animals that may be carrying the virus.
While the virus disease can be deadly, it is extremely rare. Even so, if you are planning to travel to areas where animal hosts are common or where outbreaks are ongoing, be extra careful around animal feces and body fluids. If you come in contact with animals or people who might be infected with the virus and you start to experience any of these symptoms listed above, talk to a doctor right away.
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